European Science Editing 50: e118119, doi: 10.3897/ese.2024.e118119
Lists of predatory journals and publishers: a review for future refinement
expand article infoFahmi H. Kakamad§|, Berun A. Abdalla§|, Hiwa O. Abdullah§|, Sami S. Omar|, Shvan H. Mohammed|, Sasan M. Ahmed§|, Karukh K. Mohammed|#, Hemn A. Hassan§|, Hiwa O. Baba§|, Jaafar O. Ahmed|, Mohammed Q. Mustafa|¤, Diyar A. Omar|«, Rawezh Q. Salih§|, Hawbash M. Rahim|», Dahat A. Hussein§|, Marwan N. Hassan|, Tomas M. Mikael|, Hunar A. Hassan§|, Kayhan A. Najar§|
‡ University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Iraq§ Smart Health Tower, Sulaimani, Iraq| Kscien Organization, Sulaimani, Iraq¶ Rizgary Oncology Center, Erbil, Iraq# Smart Health Tower-Raparin Branch, Sulaimani, Iraq¤ Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq« Erbil Polytechnic University, Erbil, Iraq» University of Human Development, Sulaimani, Iraq
Open Access
Although predatory publishers are increasingly recognized, universally accepted criteria for defining predatory journals are lacking. These journals challenge the scholarly community by blurring the line between legitimate and questionable publishing practices. Several lists and reports of predatory journals have been published, which offer valuable insights; however, they are not devoid of criticism. Beall’s list, although criticized for its inclusion criteria, is currently managed anony-mously and updated infrequently. Cabells’ list uses an extensive array of inclusion criteria, some of which are similar to those used in Beall’s list. Several of these cri-teria are redundant and fail to detect predatory practices, and using all of them in evaluating a journal is seldom practicable. Kscien’s list has emerged as a promising alternative for identifying predatory publishers or journals. However, it requires refinement, potentially through creating a distinct list supported by unequivocal evidence, such as accepting a fake manuscript (ascertained through a sting opera-tion). The present review seeks to catalyze research on identifying predatory jour-nals and publishers by comparing existing lists and suggesting new techniques for detecting predatory practices.
Academic Journal Predatory Checking, Beall’s list, Cabells’ list, Kscien’s list, predatory journals