European Science Editing 49: e107138, doi: 10.3897/ese.2023.e107138
Digital transformation in education: a bibliometric analysis using Scopus
expand article infoThao Trinh Thi Phuong, Tien-Trung Nguyen§, Nam Nguyen Danh|, Dinh Ngo Van#, Hoang Dinh Luong¤, Le Van An Nguyen«, Trung Tran»#
‡ Thai Nguyen University of Education, Thai Nguyen, Vietnam§ Vietnam Journal of Education, Hanoi, Vietnam| Thai Nguyen University, Thai Nguyen, Vietnam¶ Ministry of Public Security, Thai Nguyen, Vietnam# Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Vietnam¤ Ministry of Education and Training, Hanoi, Vietnam« Duy Tan University, Hanoi, Vietnam» Vietnam Academy for Ethnic Minorities, Hanoi, Vietnam
Open Access

Background: Digital transformation refers to applying digital technology in various fields of society. In the last 5 years, digital transformation has spread to most areas of social life, including education. However, research on digital transformation in education is still fragmented.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to present a comprehensive review of studies on digital transformation in education using bibliometric analysis.

Methods: We searched the Scopus database from inception to 1 January 2023 using the search terms ‘digital transformation’ AND ‘education’ within abstracts, keywords, or titles of journal articles or conference papers written in English. The retrieved articles were analysed using VOSviewer and Biblioshiny tools.

Results: A total of 1329 relevant studies were retrieved. Although the first paper in this field was published in 1999, the number of publications has increased rapidly only in the past 4 years. The most influential countries in this field are the developed countries (Russian Federation, Germany, and the United States), but scholars from the developing countries (Indonesia and Thailand) are among the most productive. Papers on digital transformation are frequently published in journals with lower rankings within the Scopus database. Using VOSviewer for keyword co-occurrence analysis, we classified the research topics related to digital transformation in educa-tion into four main groups: digital transformation in higher education under the impact of the coronavirus disease pandemic 2019 pandemic, applying the technolo-gies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution to education, digitization and digital compe-tence in education in the context of digital transformation, and learning forms using technology (for example, e-learning, m-learning, and blended learning) in higher-education institutions.

Conclusions: Four research trends related to digital transformation in education were identified. These trends may also change as digital transformation continues to develop.

Bibliometric analysis, digital education, digital learning, digital transformation, Scopus database